نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Resilience is the ability of human beings to adapt and overcome threats and hardships. Resilience is affected by different factors. The present study uses the descriptive method that was carried out with the aim of intercultural comparison of resilience. Sample population included all of the university students of Tehran. 400 students were chosen through cluster sampling. Evaluation tool was the resilience questionnaire (Connor-Davidson, 2003) that was analyzed by factor analysis after completion by students. Findings showed that the resilience construct has a proper validity and reliability and includes five factors of purposivism, self-control, problem solving ability, belief and optimism. A comparison of the obtained results with the factor analysis results of the questionnaire in other countries (Spain, India and South Korea) showed that: the number of components and the questions related to each component of resilience construct is different in different countries. In addition, the purposivism and ability to self-control are more important in Iranian culture. So, intercultural differences should be taken into account while considering the resilience of people.